«Era il giorno di domenica 7 maggio e nella piazza numerose torme di contadini si andavano raccogliendo in occasione della festa della Madonna della Libera […]. Il tumulto veniva crescendo a dismisura. Nella piazza piovevano pietre e legna come fiocchi di neve: colpi di fucile si sentivano ripetutamente. La notte fu passata tra gridi e schiamazzi della plebe ubriaca di furore e di vendette…»
Il saggio è stato pubblicato nel volume a cura di Marco Antonio Petrella, Viaggio nella storia di Pratola, Vol. II, Dal terremoto del 1706 alla fine del XIX secolo, Amaltea, Raiano 2016 (Isbn 978-88-88083-37-7), pp. 170-191.
“Va da sé che io sia anche accusato di essere apocalittico. Ma questa è una critica di repertorio che non mi impressiona. Se le cose vanno male va detto senza troppo Salomoni-smo che vanno male. Forse forzo un po’ le tinte. Ma se così, è perché la mia vuol essere una profezia che si autodistrugge, abbastanza nera da spaventare e da indurre a provvedere. E il fatto che la prima edizione di questo piccolo libro sia andata rapidamente esaurita mi induce a sperare. Forse vuol dire che l’allarme c’è, che il problema è sentito”.
Una polemica esplicita contro chi, come Kelsen, nella Germania del 1932 continuava a sostenere che la purezza formale del diritto impedisse, pure in presenza di una sistematica violazione della legalità, di fare appello alle ragioni del diritto naturale.
An experimental spin-off of Alfred Stieglitz’s Camera Work, 291 was a short-lived mouthpiece for the artists and poets affiliated with New York Dada. Selected Contributors: Alfred Stieglitz, Marius de Zayas, Francis Picabia, Paul Haviland, Agnes Ernst Meyer, Katherine N. Rhoades, Guillaume Apollinaire, Edward Steichen.
|Action: cahiers individualists de philosophie et d’art
Literary and artistic magazine associated with Individualist Anarchism, a movement based on personal freedom, social justice, and pacifism. An ultimately unsuccessful attempt to oppose André Breton’s Dada-surrealist aesthetics. Literary contributors included André Malraux, Antonin Artaud, Paul Éluard, Alfred Jarry, Erik Satie, and Tristan Tzara. Artists included Maurice de Vlaminck, Demetrios Galanis, and Robert Mortier.
|Broom: An International Magazine of the Arts
A self-proclaimed international magazine of arts and literature, Broom was a sumptuous journal that introduced American audiences to the European avant-gardes.
Bruno’s Weekly was the representative journal of the Greenwich Village modernists, exclusively featuring the poetry, stories, and gossip of local writers. It ran for little more than one year (from July 1915 to December 1916) in conjunction with Guido Bruno’s other short-lived publications Greenwich Village (1915), Bruno’s Chap Books (1915-1916), Bruno’s (1917), and Bruno’s Bohemia (1918). Selected Contributors: Guido Bruno, Djuna Barnes, Alfred Kreymborg, Marianne Moore, Vincent Starrett, Ford Madox Hueffer.
|La chronique musicale: revue bi-mensuelle de l’art ancien et moderne
La Chronique musicale was a nationalist journal that supported French music and literature in the wake of the Franco-Prussian war.Selected Contributors: Arthur Heulhard, Charles Nuitter, Théodore de Lajarte, Adolphe Jullien.
|La cité: urbanisme, architecture, art public : revue mensuelle
A publication of the Société belge des urbanistes et architectes modernists, was the premier journal of Belgian architecture and urban design and an ardent supporter of the de Stijl movement. Selected contributors: Theo van Doesburg, Henry van de Velde, J.J.P. Oud.
|Le coeur à barbe: journal transparent
Produced by Tristan Tzara as a response to attacks on him by Francis Picabia and André Breton about the future of the Dada movement. Printed in black on pale pink stock, with typographic and pictorial collage cover. Literary contributors included Paul Éluard, Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, and Erik Satie. Cover design attributed to Iliazd.
Edited by Tristan Tzara, was the premier publication of international Dadaism, following the movement from Zürich to Paris before dissolving with Tzara’s split with André Breton and the emergence of Surrealism.
|Dalibor: hudební týdenník s měsíční notovou přílohou
Dalibor, a weekly music magazine with a monthly sheet-music supplement, supported Czech nationalism by advocating for Czech-born composers and musicians, in opposition to the popularity of German and Austrian music. Selected contributors: Karel Teige.
|East & West: A Monthly Magazine of Letters
Published by William Aspenwall Bradley and George Sidney Hellman, two Columbia University graduates looking to champion American art and letters, East & West ran for less than a year; it professed to only print essays, poetry, and reviews by young, up-and-coming writers.
|Entretiens politiques & littéraires
A French Intellectual Anarchist magazine, les entretiens politiques et littéraires published essays on literature, politics, and philosophy. Selected contributors: Henri de Régnier, Jules Laforgue, André Gide, Stéphane Mallarmé, Paul Adam, Georges Vanor Bernard Lazare, Francis Viélé-Griffin, A.-F. Herold, Edouard Dujardin, Pierre Quillard, Rémy de Gourmont.
Amédée Ozenfant’s Cubist war journal with articles and illustrations by Apollinaire, Dérain, Matisse, Picasso, de Segonzac, etc.
Published at irregular intervals, The Glebe was a leading voice for poetic modernism near New York, affiliated first with Imagism and later with the more successful magazine Others, also edited by Alfred Kreymborg. Selected Contributors: Alfred Kreymborg, William Carlos Williams, Ezra Pound, James Joyce, Marianne Moore, Richard Aldington, Leonid Andreyev, Frank Wedekind.
The first avant-garde magazine issued in Denmark after World War I, Klingen is credited with a wave of Danish Modernism that followed. Klingen, which translates as “blade,” adopted a militant tone but most of its contributors were influenced more by the French avant-garde, especially Cubism, rather than the more violent agenda of Italian Futurism. Selected Contributors: Axel Salto, Poul Uttenreiter, Otto Gelsted, Tom Kristensen, Emil Bønnelycke, Gabriele Münter, Harald Giersing, Albert Naur, Per Krohg, Vilhelm Lundstrøm.
Over its nearly twenty-year run, the Mask published essays on theater and the arts and book reviews. It was heavily managed by the multi-talented Edward Gordon Craig, who used dozens of pseudonyms when writing essays and comments. Selected Contributors: Edward Gordon Craig, Rupert Brooke, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Jean-Jacques Olivier, Ellen Terry.
New Numbers, which lasted only one year, published the poetry of the so-called Dymock poets who lived in a small village near Gloucester, England between 1911 and 1914. Selected Contributors: Rupert Brooke, John Drinkwater, Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, Lascelles Abercrombie.
|Niederrheinische Musik-Zeitung für Kunstfreunde und Künstler
By publishing essays on musical history and philosophy, in addition to poetry, fiction, and reviews of concert and theater performances, Niederrheinische Musik-Zeitung tracked the slow transition from Germany’s musical conservatism to the modernism of Wagner and others. Selected Contributors: Ludwig Bischoff.
|Nord-Sud: revue littéraire
Named for the Métro line connecting Montparnasse and Montmartre in Paris, Nord-Sud was a short-lived magazine that sought to connect diverse avant-garde movements, from Cubism to Dadaism and Surrealism. Selected Contributors: Pierre Reverdy, Guillaume Apollinaire, André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Louis Aragon, Max Jacob, Philippe Soupault, Paul Dermée, and Justin Frantz Simon.
|Nowa sztuka: miesięcznik artystyczny||1921-1922|
The most distinguished German arts journal of the Jugendstil period, Pan is celebrated for its typographic design and original graphic art. Founded by Otto Julius Bierbaum and Julius Meier-Graefe, Pan highlighted international developments in art, literature, theater, and music. Selected Contributors: Otto Julius Bierbaum, Julius Meier-Graefe, Franz von Stuck, Félix Vallotton, Thomas Theodor Heine, Frank Wedekind, Georg Heym, Ernst Barlach, Franz Marc, Alfred Kerr.
|Poesia: rassegna internazionale
Poesia, published first by Marinetti and then reprised in 1920 by Mario Dessy, marked the transition from Italy’s engagement with an international Symbolist movement to an increasingly nationalistic Futurism.Selected Contributors: F.T. Marinetti, Mario Dessy, Alfred Jarry, James Joyce, Corrado Govoni, Paolo Buzzi, Enrico Cavacchioli, W.B. Yeats, Fortunato Depero, Luigi Russolo, Emilio Notte.
Each issue of Proverbe, a journal co-founded by French Dadaists, was less than 4 pages, publishing experimental poetry with erratic typography in a pamphlet-like form.Selected Contributors: Paul Éluard, André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Francis Picabia, Jean Paulhan, Philippe Soupault, Louis Aragon, Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Paul Dermée, Céline Arnauld.
|Revue d’histoire et de critique musicales
A journal of French and international music, it ran essays on music history as well as reviews of contemporary avant-garde performances.Selected Contributors: Jules Combarieu, Pierre Aubry, Maurice Emmanuel, Louis Laloy, Romain Rolland.
|S.I.M. revue musicale mensuelle
The representative journal of the Société international de musique (S.I.M.), Le Mercure musicale published articles on experimental contemporary music, from Stravinsky to Schoenberg. Selected Contributors: Louis Laloy, Jean Marnold, Claude Debussy, Vincent d’Indy, Pierre Aubry, Gaston Carraud, Jean Chantavoine, M Daubresse, Jules Echorcheville, Henry Expert, Henry Gauthier-Villars, Fr. De Lacerda, Lionel de la Laurencie, Gustave Lyon, Octave Maus, André Pirro, Armande de Polignac, Romain Rolland, Gustave Samazeuilh, Martial Teneo, and Colette Willy.
Secession published essays, stories, and poetry by an international crew of French Dadaists and American modernists.Selected Contributors: Gorham B. Munson, Matthew Josephson, Kenneth Burke, Hans Arp, William Carlos Williams, Louis Aragon, Slater Brown, Malcolm Cowley, Hart Crane, e.e. cummings, Waldo Frank, Marianne Moore, Philippe Soupault, Wallace Stevens, Tristan Tzara, John Brooks Wheelwright.
SIC (“Sons, Idées, Couleurs, Formes”) was a vocal advocate of Futurism and Cubism. In the last few years of its run, SIC supported emerging figures of Dada and Surrealism. Selected contributors: Pierre Albert-Birot, Guillaume Apollinaire, Giacomo Balla, Jean Cocteau, Fortunato Depero, Enrico Prampolini, Gino Severini, Louis Aragon, Gino Cantarelli, Paul Dermée, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, Raymond Radiguet, Philippe Soupault, Tristan Tzara, Igor Stravinsky.
The three issue, one-year run of Signature exclusively published the prose of its three editors, including Katherine Mansfield, who wrote under the pseudonym Matilda Berry.
Published with decreasing frequency from 1910 to 1932, Der Sturm–“the storm”–supported German Expressionism as well as Cubist and Abstract art. It was affiliated with an avant-garde art gallery and published postcards as well as small Sturmbücher for individual artists. Selected Contributors: Herwarth Walden, Karl Kraus, Adolf Loos, Wassily Kandinsky, Oskar Kokoschka, Guillaume Apollinaire, Peter Altenberg, Max Brod, Richard Dehmel, Alfred Döblin, Arno Holz, Heinrich Mann, Paul Scheerbart, René Schickele, Franz Marc, August Macke, Georg Schrimpf, Maria Uhden, Rudolf Bauer.
|Sturm-Bühne: Jahrbuch des Theaters der Expressionisten
Affiliated with the Expressionist theater company of the same name, Sturm-Bühne published essays, reviews, and poetry. Selected Contributors: Herwarth Walden, Lothar Schreyer, Kurt Schwitters, Rudolf Blümner.
The first important Surrealist publication, Surréalisme printed manifestos as well as poetry, essays, and reproductions of paintings.Selected Contributors: Ivan Goll, Guillaume Apollinaire, Robert Delaunay, Marcel Arland, Pierre Albert-Birot, René Crevel, Joseph Delteil, Paul Dermée.
|Ultra: kirjallistaiteellinen aikakauslehti = tidskrift för ny konst och litteratur
One of the most important avant-garde magazines in Scandinavia, Ultra published essays on literature, music, theater, and art.Selected Contributors: Lauri Haarla, Hagar Olsson, Raoul af Hällström, Ludwig Meidner, Käthe Kollwitz, Ester Helenius.
Umělecký mĕsíčník, or Art Monthly, was the publication of a Czech Cubist group that separated from the Månes Association of Fine Artists, branding themselves a “defiant modernist vanguard” and supporting exhibitions of Cubism and Expressionism at Galerie Der Sturm. Selected contributors: Josef Čapek, Pavel Janák, František Langer, Emil Filla, Otto Gutfreund, Vincenc Beneš, and Antonín Procházka.
|Ver sacrum: Organ der Vereinigung Bildener Künstler Österreichs
Ver sacrum, or Sacred Spring, was the official publication of the Vienna Secession. The title references an ancient religious rite, and speaks to the regenerative power of youth in exile. The Secessionists had come together in 1897 to oppose the Austrian art establishment and pursue a freer, experimental art. The journal is replete with original prints by Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Koloman Moser (1868-1918), Josef Hoffmann (1870-1956), and others.
|Veshch Gegenstand Objet
Short-lived but influential journal intended to promote avant-garde Russian art in Europe. Focused mainly on suprematist and constructivist developments. Covers designed by El Lissitzky, printed in black on col-ored stock. Literary contributors included Il’ya Ehrenberg. Artists included El Lissitzky.
|Volné směry: umělecký měsíčník
Volné směry represented the Mánes Association of Fine Artists, the exhibition society, known for its Bohemianism, that forged connections between the Czech and European avant-gardes.Selected Contributors: Miloš Jiránek, Jan Preisler, František Xaver Šalda, Jan Kotěra, Karel Vitĕzslav, František Bílek.
Zeit-Echo was affiliated primarily with German Expressionism and broadcasted its support of fine art in literature, visual art, poetry, stories, and drawing.Selected Contributors: Otto Ludwig Haas-Heye, Ludwig Rubiner, Rainer Maria Rilke, Paul Klee, Oscar Kokoschka, Thomas Mann, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Martin Buber, Arnold Schonberg.